3 years ago

Prospective cohort study: Cinacalcet-mediated lowering of PTH level and cardiovascular disease mortality in younger Korean patients with stage 5 CKD at a Korean secondary hospital

Prospective cohort study: Cinacalcet-mediated lowering of PTH level and cardiovascular disease mortality in younger Korean patients with stage 5 CKD at a Korean secondary hospital
H. Y. Sin
What is known and objectives Cinacalcet may reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, previous studies of the clinical responses to cinacalcet have exhibited discrepancies due to highly variable baseline levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH), kidney function and age. Little is known about the true effect of cinacalcet on stage 5 CKD. The objective of the current observational study was to evaluate whether cinacalcet-mediated lowering of PTH levels improves all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease mortality in younger stage 5 CKD patients (mean age <55 years). Methods This prospective, cohort study reviewed the electronic medical records (EMRs) of CKD patients (n=540) with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) for a period of 36 months. Of 540 patients, 104 subjects met the inclusion criteria and were included in the final evaluation (mean serum iPTH 688.7 pg/mL). Patients were divided into a cinacalcet group (n=43) and a non-cinacalcet group (n=61). Results and discussion Comparing the cinacalcet group to the non-cinacalcet group, Cox proportional hazard modelling found that all-cause mortality was five (31.3%) in the cinacalcet group and three (15.8%) in the non-cinacalcet group for patients with serum levels of PTH>600 pg/mL [P=.277, hazard ratio 2.213, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.529-9.262]. Cardiovascular disease mortality (CVD: heart disease) occurred in two (5.3%) in the cinacalcet group and one (2.1%) in the non-cinacalcet group [P=.425, HR 2.611, 95% CI: 0.228-9.939]. Overall, there were no significant differences in CVD mortality between the two groups. What is new and conclusion Cinacalcet was not associated with decreases in all-cause mortality or CVD mortality in younger stage 5 CKD patients with high PTH levels (>600 pg/mL). This could be explained by the diversity of the population in terms of the patient's age, health insurance policies, target serum level of biochemical and PTH, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) at admission. These data, although based on an observational study, indicate that adding cinacalcet to the current standard care for younger stage 5 CKD patients should be re-evaluated. This Original Prospective Cohort Study evaluated whether cinacalcet-mediated lowering of PTH level improves mortality in younger stage 5 CKD patients with high PTH level(>600 pg/mL) at a Korean secondary hospital.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/jcpt.12565

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