4 years ago

Prediction of sustained fetal toxicity induced by ketoprofen based on PK/PD analysis using human placental perfusion and rat toxicity data

Takeshi Nagamatsu, Tomoyuki Fujii, Hiroki Satoh, Tadashi Kimura, Kazuo Momma, Takeshi Kanagawa, Yasufumi Sawada, Satoko Hori, Shingo Tanaka
Aim We encountered a case of fetal toxicity due to ductus arteriosus (DA) constriction in a 36-week pregnant woman who had applied multiple ketoprofen patches. The aim of the present study was to present the case and develop a model to predict quantitatively the fetal toxicity risk of transdermal administration of ketoprofen. Methods Human placenta perfusion studies were conducted to estimate transplacental pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters. Using a developed model and these parameters, human fetal plasma concentration profiles of ketoprofen administered to mothers were simulated. Using pregnant rats, DA constriction and fetal plasma drug concentration after ketoprofen administration were measured, fitted to an Emax model, and extrapolated to humans. Results Transplacental transfer value at the steady state of ketoprofen was 4.82%, which was approximately half that of antipyrine (passive marker). The model and PK parameters predicted almost equivalent mother and fetus drug concentrations at steady state after transdermal ketoprofen administration in humans. Maximum DA constriction and maximum plasma concentration of ketoprofen after administration to rat dams were observed at different times: 4 h and 1 h, respectively. The model accurately described the delay in DA constriction with respect to the fetal ketoprofen concentration profile. The model with effect compartment and the obtained parameters predicted that use of multiple ketoprofen patches could potentially cause severe DA constriction in the human fetus, and that fetal toxicity might persist after ketoprofen discontinuation by the mother, as observed in our case. Conclusion The present approach successfully described the sustained fetal toxicity after discontinuing the transdermal administration of ketoprofen.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.13352

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.