4 years ago

4β-Hydroxycholesterol level significantly correlates with steady-state serum concentration of the CYP3A4 substrate quetiapine in psychiatric patients

Tore Haslemo, Caroline Gjestad, Ole A. Andreassen, Espen Molden
Aim 4β-Hydroxycholesterol (4βOHC) is sensitive towards induction or inhibition of CYP3A4, but its potential usefulness as a dosing biomarker remains to be demonstrated. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between 4βOHC levels and steady-state concentrations (Css) of quetiapine, a CYP3A4 substrate with high presystemic metabolism, in psychiatric patients. Methods Serum samples from 151 patients treated with quetiapine as immediate release (IR; n = 98) or slow release (XR; n = 53) tablets were included for analysis of 4βOHC. In all patients, Css of quetiapine had been measured at trough level, i.e. 10–14 and 17–25 h post-dosing for IR and XR tablets, respectively. Correlations between 4βOHC levels and dose-adjusted Css (C/D ratios) of quetiapine were tested by univariate (Spearman's) and multivariate (multiple linear regression) analyses. Gender, age (≥60 vs. <60 years) and tablet formulation were included as potential covariates in the multivariate analysis. Results Correlations between 4βOHC levels and quetiapine C/D ratios were highly significant both for IR- and XR-treated patients (P < 0.0001). Estimated Spearman r values were −0.47 (95% confidence interval −0.62, −0.30) and −0.56 (−0.72, −0.33), respectively. The relationship between 4βOHC level and quetiapine C/D ratio was also significant in the multiple linear regression analysis (P < 0.001), including gender (P = 0.023) and age (P = 0.003) as significant covariates. Conclusions The present study shows that 4βOHC level is significantly correlated with steady-state concentration of quetiapine. This supports the potential usefulness of 4βOHC as a phenotype biomarker for individualized dosing of quetiapine and other drugs where systemic exposure is mainly determined by CYP3A4 metabolism.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.13341

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