5 years ago

A call to incorporate systems theory and human factors into the existing investigation of harm in clinical research involving healthcare products

Jonathan M. Fishbein, Brian D. Edwards, Sophia Trantza, Hervé Le Louet, Alan Hochberg, Jytte Lyngvig, Bernard Bégaud, Ioannis Dokas, Esther Daemen, Simon Whiteley, Nataliya Mogles, Christine Prendergast, David J. Webb, Kathryn Owen, Matthew Whalen, Martin Rejzek, Howard E. Greenberg
This is a joint statement from individual pharmacology and pharmaceutical professionals acting in their own capacity, including members of the Alliance for Clinical Research Excellence and Safety (ACRES) and the International Society of Pharmacovigilance (ISoP). By building on the extensive pharmacological and regulatory investigations that already take place, we are calling for a fuller and more robust systems-based approach to the independent investigation of clinical research when serious incidents of harm occur, starting with first-in-human clinical trials. To complement existing activities and regulations, we propose an additional approach blending evidence derived from both pharmacological and organizational science, which addresses human factors and transparency, to enhance organizational learning and continuous improvement. As happens with investigations in other sectors of society, such as the chemical and aviation sector, this systems approach should be seen as an additional way to understand how problems occur and how they might be prevented in the future. We believe that repetition of potentially preventable and adverse outcomes during clinical research, by failing to identify and act upon all systematic vulnerabilities, is a situation that needs urgent change. As we will discuss further on, approaches based on applying systems theory and human factors are much more likely to improve objectivity and transparency, leading to better system design.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.13353

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