3 years ago

Effect of a single intravenous zoledronic acid administration on biomarkers of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with osteoporosis: a pilot study

Jessica Pepe, Salvatore Minisola, Rizieri Manai, Luciano Colangelo, Valeria Fassino, Carolina Clementelli, Luciano Nieddu, Cristiana Cipriani
Aims The pilot study was designed to evaluate the early effect of intravenous (i.v.) zoledronic acid (ZA) on renal function. Methods Five mg i.v. ZA was administered to 23 patients with osteoporosis (17 women and 6 men, mean age 73 ± 7 SD years). Urinary NGAL, KIM-1, and MCP-1, plasma (p) MCP-1 and serum (s) IL-18, serum calcium (sCa), Creatinine clearance (CrCl), parathyroid hormone (PTH), plasma C-terminal FGF23 (pFGF23), serum (s) Klotho, calcium excretion (CaEx) and renal threshold phosphate concentration/GFR (TmPO4/GFR) were assessed at baseline, 24 h and Day 30 after administration. Results There was a significant decrease in sCa and CaEx at 24 h (−4.1 ± 2.8%, P < 0.01 and −28 ± 59%, P < 0.05, respectively) and Day 30 (−3.9 ± 4%, P < 0.001 and −26 ± 43%, P < 0.01) and a significant increase in PTH (79.8 ± 95.8%) at Day 30 (P < 0.001) compared to baseline. TmPO4/GFR decreased significantly at 24 h and Day 30 (−8.6 ± 15.9%, P < 0.05 and −11.3 ± 13.5%, P < 0.001) compared to baseline. We observed no difference in the concentration of pFGF23, sKlotho and urinary AKI biomarkers at any time points. Mean levels of sIL-18 and pMCP-1 increased significantly at 24 h (44 ± 88%; P < 0.01 and 198 ± 237%; P < 0.001) and returned to baseline at Day 30. Conclusions Our pilot study suggests that there is no direct acute effect of ZA on kidney function. The increase in plasma MCP-1 and serum IL-18 concentration could be associated with the stimulation of immunity mechanisms occurring soon after the administration of the drug. Secondary hyperparathyroidism develops shortly after the infusion of ZA and is maintained even after 1 month.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.13332

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