3 years ago

Metoprolol-pridopidine drug–drug interaction and food effect assessments of pridopidine, a new drug for treatment of Huntington's disease

Hussein Hallak, Lilach Steiner, Laura Rabinovich-Guilatt, Ofer Spiegelstein, Pierandrea Muglia, Gina Pastino
Aims Pridopidine is an oral drug in clinical development for treatment of patients with Huntington's disease. This study examined the interactions of pridopidine with in vitro cytochrome P450 activity and characterized the effects of pridopidine on CYP2D6 activity in healthy volunteers using metoprolol as a probe substrate. The effect of food on pridopidine exposure was assessed. Methods The ability of pridopidine to inhibit and/or induce in vitro activity of drug metabolizing enzymes was examined in human liver microsomes and fresh hepatocytes. CYP2D6 inhibition potency and reversibility was assessed using dextromethorphan. For the clinical assessment, 22 healthy subjects were given metoprolol 100 mg alone and concomitantly with steady-state pridopidine 45 mg twice daily. Food effect on a single 90 mg dose of pridopidine was evaluated in a crossover manner. Safety assessments and pharmacokinetic sampling occurred throughout the study. Results Pridopidine was found to be a metabolism dependent inhibitor of CYP2D6, the main enzyme catalysing its own metabolism. Flavin-containing monooxygenase heat inactivation of liver microsomes did not affect pridopidine metabolism-dependent inhibition of CYP2D6 and its inhibition of CYP2D6 was not reversible with addition of FeCN3. Exposure to metoprolol was markedly increased when coadministered with pridopidine; the ratio of the geometric means (90% confidence interval) for maximum observed plasma concentration, and area under the plasma concentration–time curve from time 0 to the time of the last quantifiable concentration and extrapolated to infinity were 3.5 (2.9, 4.22), 6.64 (5.27, 8.38) and 6.55 (5.18, 8.28), respectively. Systemic exposure to pridopidine was unaffected by food conditions. Conclusions As pridopidine is a metabolism-dependent inhibitor of CYP2D6, systemic levels of drugs metabolized by CYP2D6 may increase with chronic coadministration of pridopidine. Pridopidine can be administered without regard to food.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.13317

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