3 years ago

A population pharmacokinetic meta-analysis of custirsen, an antisense oligonucleotide, in oncology patients and healthy subjects

Colm Farrell, Ofra Barnett-Griness, Anna Elgart, Laura Rabinovich-Guilatt, Ofer Spiegelstein, Alena Y. Edwards
Aims Custirsen (OGX-011/TV-1011), a second-generation antisense oligonucleotide that reduces clusterin production, is under investigation with chemotherapy in prostate and lung cancer. This meta-analysis evaluated the population pharmacokinetics (PK) of custirsen in cancer patients and healthy subjects. Methods The population PK analysis used custirsen plasma concentrations from five Phase 1 studies, one Phase 1/2 study, and one Phase 3 study in two stages. Cancer patients received multiple doses of custirsen (40–640 mg intravenously over 120 min) with chemotherapy; healthy subjects received single or multiple doses (320–640 mg). An interim population PK model was developed using a nonlinear mixed-effect approach incorporating data from four Phase 1 or 1/2 studies, followed by model refinement and inclusion of two Phase 1 and one Phase 3 studies. Results The final model was developed with 5588 concentrations from 631 subjects with doses of 160–640 mg. Custirsen PK was adequately described by a three-compartment model with first-order elimination. For a representative 66-year-old individual with body weight 82 kg and serum creatinine level 0.933 mg dl−1, the estimated typical (95% CI) parameter values were clearance (CL) = 2.36 (2.30–2.42) l h−1, central volume of distribution (V1) = 6.08 (5.93–6.23) l, peripheral volume of distribution (V2) = 1.13 (1.01–1.25) l, volume of the second peripheral compartment (V3) = 15.8 (14.6–17.0) l, inter-compartmental clearance Q2 = 0.0755 (0.0689–0.0821) l h−1, and Q3 = 0.0573 (0.0532–0.0614) l h−1. Age, weight and serum creatinine were predictors of CL; age was a predictor of Q3. Conclusion A population PK model for custirsen was successfully developed in cancer patients and healthy subjects, including covariates contributing to variability in custirsen PK.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/bcp.13287

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.