3 years ago

Benefits and Limitations of Belatacept in 4 Hand Transplanted Patients

B Zelger, D Öfner, J Grahammer, S Schneeberger, G Brandacher, B G Zelger, I Peschel, A Mühlbacher, M Ninkovic, C Boesmueller, A Weissenbacher
Belatacept (CTLA4Ig) is an emerging treatment in kidney transplantation. Lack of nephrotoxicity and possibly an inhibitory effect on the development of donor specific antibodies (DSA) make it an interesting agent in hand transplantation. In order to reduce CNI immunosuppression and preserve kidney function, we have added belatacept to the therapeutic regimen of 4 hand transplanted patients at month 4, at 6, 9, and 13 years after hand/forearm transplantation. Patients received 5mg/kg belatacept every 2 weeks, the dosing interval was extended to 4 weeks after 5 applications. Belatacept was initially well tolerated in all cases. Two patients were weaned to a low-dose tacrolimus monotherapy together with monthly belatacept applications. One patient is on belatacept with lowered tacrolimus and sirolimus through levels. A fourth patient had significant levels of DSAs at time of conversion and progressed to a severe necrotizing rejection early despite an unaltered baseline immunosuppression. Finger skin necrosis and histological signs of severe chronic allograft vasculopathy eventually led to amputation of the graft. Implementation of belatacept can be beneficial in hand transplantation. However, our findings indicated both potential but also caution and reflection of the immunological state at the time of conversion. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/ajt.14440

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