3 years ago

PD-1 expression on CD8+ T cells regulates their differentiation within lung allografts and is critical for tolerance induction

R. Higashikubo, A. S. Krupnick, H. M. Hsiao, T. Takahashi, A. Bharat, A. E. Gelman, D. Scozzi, S. Tanaka, D. Kreisel, J. H. Ritter, W. Li
Immunological requirements for rejection and tolerance induction differ between various organs. While memory CD8+ T cells are considered a barrier to immunosuppression-mediated acceptance of most tissues and organs, tolerance induction after lung transplantation is critically dependent on central memory CD8+ T lymphocytes. Here we demonstrate that costimulation blockade-mediated tolerance after lung transplantation is dependent on programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) expression on CD8+ T cells. In the absence of PD-1 expression, CD8+ T cells form prolonged interactions with graft-infiltrating CD11c+ cells; their differentiation is skewed towards an effector memory phenotype and grafts are rejected acutely. These findings extend the notion that requirements for tolerance induction after lung transplantation differ from other organs. Thus, immunosuppressive strategies for lung transplant recipients need to be tailored based on the unique immunological properties of this organ.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/ajt.14437

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.