4 years ago

Renal Allograft Histology at 10 Years After Transplantation in the Tacrolimus Era: Evidence of Pervasive Chronic Injury

F. G. Cosio, W. D. Park, M. D. Stegall, B. H. Smith, L. D. Cornell
Improving long-term renal allograft survival remains an important unmet need. To assess the extent of histologic injury at 10 years after transplantation in functioning grafts, we studied 575 consecutive adult solitary renal transplants performed between 2002 and 2005: 77% from living donors and 81% maintained on tacrolimus-based immunosuppression. Ten-year graft survival was 59% and death-censored graft survival was 74%. Surveillance allograft biopsies were assessed at implantation, 5 years, and 10 years from 145 patients who reached 10 years. At implantation, 5% of biopsies had major histologic abnormalities (chronic transplant glomerulopathy score > 0, other chronic Banff scores ≥ 2, global glomerulosclerosis > 20%, or mesangial sclerosis ≥ 2). This increased to 54% at 5 years and 82% at 10 years. Major lesions at 10 years included the following: arteriolar hyalinosis (66%), mesangial sclerosis (67%), and global glomerulosclerosis > 20% (43%), with 48% of grafts having more than one major lesion. Transplant glomerulopathy and moderate-to-severe interstitial fibrosis were uncommon (12% each). Major lesions were associated with increased proteinuria and decreased graft function. In patients with diabetes at baseline, 52% had diabetic nephropathy/mesangial sclerosis at 10 years. We conclude that almost all renal allografts sustain major histologic injury by 10 years after transplantation. Much damage appears nonimmunologic, suggesting that new approaches are needed to decrease late injury.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/ajt.14431

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.