3 years ago

Renal Consequences of Diabetes After Kidney Donation

S. Jackson, R. N. Foley, A. J. Matas, D. M. Vock, D. M. Berglund, H. N. Ibrahim
Whether diabetes after kidney donation is associated with an accelerated GFR decay in the remaining kidney has not been studied. We determined the incidence of diabetes in kidney donors, and compared GFR change over time in diabetic to nondiabetic donors, in addition to the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on the development of proteinuria, hypertension, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Of the 4014 donors, 309 (7.7%) developed diabetes at a median age of 56.0 years and after a median of 18 years after donation. The difference in annual estimated GFR (eGFR) change between diabetic and nondiabetic donors in the 7 years before the development of DM was −0.08 mL/min/year; p = 0.51. After DM development, the difference was −1.10 mL/min/year for diabetic donors with hypertension and proteinuria, p < 0.001; −0.19 for diabetic donors with hypertension but no proteinuria, p = 0.29; −0.75 mL/min/year for diabetic donors with proteinuria but no hypertension, p = 0.19; and −0.09 mL/min/year for diabetic donors without proteinuria or hypertension, p = 0.63. When DM was considered as a time-dependent covariate, it was associated with the development of proteinuria (hazard ratio [HR] 2.65, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.89–3.70; p < 0.001) and hypertension (HR 2.19, 95% CI 1.74–2.75; p < 0.001). It was not, however, associated with ESRD. eGFR decline after DM development exceeds that of nondiabetic donors only in diabetic donors with concomitant proteinuria and hypertension.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/ajt.14416

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.