3 years ago

New Insights Into the Alleged Kidney Donor Profile Index Labeling Effect on Kidney Utilization

M. I. Aeder, D. E. Stewart, V. C. Garcia, D. K. Klassen
The Kidney Donor Profile Index (KDPI) became a driving factor in deceased donor kidney allocation on December 4, 2014, with the implementation of the kidney allocation system (KAS). On April 20, 2016, the annual recalibration of the Kidney Donor Risk Index into KDPI was incorrectly programmed in DonorNet, resulting in erroneously high KDPI values, by between 1 and 21 percentage points (e.g. actual KDPI of 70% was displayed as 86%). The error was corrected on May 19, 2016, <24 h after being recognized. During this 30-day period, the distribution of recipients largely resembled pre-KAS patterns. The observed discard rate of 22.9% was higher than the post-KAS average of 19.6% (odds ratio [OR]: 1.22) but far lower than the projected rate of 31.4% (OR: 1.96) based on the usual discard rate by KDPI relationship, suggesting clinicians and patients did not rely heavily on this single number (KDPI) in kidney-utilization decisions. Still, risk-adjusted analyses suggest the elevated discard rate was most likely attributable to the erroneously high KDPIs, not a shift in donor characteristics or random chance. The rise in discard rate was sharply higher for kidneys with inflated KDPI that crossed the 85% policy threshold (OR: 1.46; p = 0.049) versus those that did not (OR: 1.06; p = 0.631).

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/ajt.14379

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