3 years ago

Determinants of the Magnitude of Interaction Between Tacrolimus and Voriconazole/Posaconazole in Solid Organ Recipients

H. Bouwsma, P. Annaert, T. Vanhove, D. R. J. Kuypers, B. Vanaudenaerde, I. Spriet, G. Verleden, L. Hilbrands, R. Vos, J. J. Swen
Administration of azole antifungals to tacrolimus-treated solid organ recipients results in a major drug–drug interaction characterized by increased exposure to tacrolimus. The magnitude of this interaction is highly variable but cannot currently be predicted. We performed a retrospective analysis of 126 solid organ recipients (95 lung, 31 kidney) co-treated with tacrolimus and voriconazole (n = 100) or posaconazole (n = 26). Predictors of the change in tacrolimus dose-corrected trough concentrations (C/D) between baseline and tacrolimus–azole co-therapy were assessed using linear mixed modeling. Patients were genotyped for relevant polymorphisms in CYP3A4, CYP3A5, MDR1, CYP2C19, POR, and UGT1A4. Tacrolimus C/D increased by a factor 5.0 ± 2.7 (range 1.0–20.2) for voriconazole and 4.4 ± 2.6 (range 0.9–18.0) for posaconazole, suggesting that a 66% dose reduction is insufficient for the majority of patients. Change in C/D was blunted in CYP3A5 expressors (estimated effect: -43%, p = 0.017) and affected by hematocrit (+8% per %, p = 0.004), baseline C/D (-14% per 100% increase, p < 0.001), and age (+1%, p = 0.008). However, the final model explained only 22% of interindividual variability in C/D change. In conclusion, CYP3A5 genotype and several clinical variables were identified as modulators of the tacrolimus–azole interaction, but these did not permit accurate predictions in individual patients.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/ajt.14232

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.