3 years ago

A Synthetic Route for Crystals of Woven Structures, Uniform Nanocrystals, and Thin Films of Imine Covalent Organic Frameworks

A Synthetic Route for Crystals of Woven Structures, Uniform Nanocrystals, and Thin Films of Imine Covalent Organic Frameworks
Zheng Liu, Lei Guo, Chenhui Zhu, Omar M. Yaghi, Osamu Terasaki, Christopher A. Trickett, Eugene A. Kapustin, Felipe Gándara, Hao Lyu, Yingbo Zhao, Yanhang Ma
Developing synthetic methodology to crystallize extended covalent structures has been an important pursuit of reticular chemistry. Here, we report a homogeneous synthetic route for imine covalent organic frameworks (COFs) where crystallites emerge from clear solutions without forming amorphous polyimine precipitates. The key feature of this route is the utilization of tert-butyloxycarbonyl group protected amine building blocks, which are deprotected in situ and gradually nucleate the crystalline framework. We demonstrate the utility of this approach by crystallizing a woven covalent organic framework (COF-112), in which covalent organic threads are interlaced to form a three-dimensional woven framework. The homogeneous imine COF synthesis also enabled the control of nucleation and crystal growth leading to uniform nanocrystals, through microwave-assisted reactions, and facile preparation of oriented thin films.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b07457

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b07457

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