5 years ago

Multivariate Metal–Organic Frameworks as Multifunctional Heterogeneous Asymmetric Catalysts for Sequential Reactions

Multivariate Metal–Organic Frameworks as Multifunctional Heterogeneous Asymmetric Catalysts for Sequential Reactions
Yan Liu, Qingchun Xia, Wei Gong, Chunxia Tan, Zijian Li, Yong Cui
The search for versatile heterogeneous catalysts with multiple active sites for broad asymmetric transformations has long been of great interest, but it remains a formidable synthetic challenge. Here we demonstrate that multivariate metal–organic frameworks (MTV-MOFs) can be used as an excellent platform to engineer heterogeneous catalysts featuring multiple and cooperative active sites. An isostructural series of 2-fold interpenetrated MTV-MOFs that contain up to three different chiral metallosalen catalysts was constructed and used as efficient and recyclable heterogeneous catalysts for a variety of asymmetric sequential alkene epoxidation/epoxide ring-opening reactions. Interpenetration of the frameworks brings metallosalen units adjacent to each other, allowing cooperative activation, which results in improved efficiency and enantioselectivity over the sum of the individual parts. The fact that manipulation of molecular catalysts in MTV-MOFs can control the activities and selectivities would facilitate the design of novel multifunctional materials for enantioselective processes.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b03113

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b03113

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