3 years ago

Carbon Nanotubes Arranged As Smart Interfaces in Lipid Langmuir–Blodgett Films Enhancing the Enzymatic Properties of Penicillinase for Biosensing Applications

Carbon Nanotubes Arranged As Smart Interfaces in Lipid Langmuir–Blodgett Films Enhancing the Enzymatic Properties of Penicillinase for Biosensing Applications
Fabio A. Scholl, Rayla C. Gabriel, Luciano Caseli, Michael J. Schöning, José R. Siqueira, Paulo V. Morais
In this paper, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were incorporated in penicillinase-phospholipid Langmuir and Langmuir–Blodgett (LB) films to enhance the enzyme catalytic properties. Adsorption of the penicillinase and CNTs at dimyristoylphosphatidic acid (DMPA) monolayers at the air–water interface was investigated by surface pressure–area isotherms, vibrational spectroscopy, and Brewster angle microscopy. The floating monolayers were transferred to solid supports through the LB technique, forming mixed DMPA-CNTs-PEN films, which were investigated by quartz crystal microbalance, vibrational spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy. Enzyme activity was studied with UV–vis spectroscopy and the feasibility of the supramolecular device nanostructured as ultrathin films were essayed in a capacitive electrolyte–insulator–semiconductor (EIS) sensor device. The presence of CNTs in the enzyme–lipid LB film not only tuned the catalytic activity of penicillinase but also helped conserve its enzyme activity after weeks, showing increased values of activity. Viability as penicillin sensor was demonstrated with capacitance/voltage and constant capacitance measurements, exhibiting regular and distinctive output signals over all concentrations used in this work. These results may be related not only to the nanostructured system provided by the film, but also to the synergism between the compounds on the active layer, leading to a surface morphology that allowed a fast analyte diffusion because of an adequate molecular accommodation, which also preserved the penicillinase activity. This work therefore demonstrates the feasibility of employing LB films composed of lipids, CNTs, and enzymes as EIS devices for biosensing applications.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b08095

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b08095

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