3 years ago

Base-Induced Transformation of 2-Acyl-3-alkyl-2H-azirines to Oxazoles: Involvement of Deprotonation-Initiated Pathways

Base-Induced Transformation of 2-Acyl-3-alkyl-2H-azirines to Oxazoles: Involvement of Deprotonation-Initiated Pathways
Tomohiko Ohwada, Yingtang Ning, Yuko Otani
An experimental study of base-induced transformation reaction of 2-acyl-3-alkyl-2H-azirines to oxazoles indicated that a deprotonation-initiated mechanism is involved, in addition to nucleophilic addition to the imine functionality. Calculations suggested the participation of a ketenimine (ethenimine) intermediate generated by azirine ring opening of the carbanion intermediate formed by α-deprotonation of 2H-azirine. The ketenimine intermediate possessing methyl substituents at C(3) appears to be more stable than the tautomeric nitrile ylide which was proposed to be involved in photoinduced and pyrolysis reactions of 2-acyl-3-alkyl-2H-azirines to afford oxazoles. Thus, intermediacy of ketenimine is consistent with both experimental and computational results, at least under strongly basic reaction conditions.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.7b00904

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.7b00904

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.