4 years ago

MBG-Modified β-TCP Scaffold Promotes Mesenchymal Stem Cells Adhesion and Osteogenic Differentiation via a FAK/MAPK Signaling Pathway

MBG-Modified β-TCP Scaffold Promotes Mesenchymal Stem Cells Adhesion and Osteogenic Differentiation via a FAK/MAPK Signaling Pathway
Changsheng Liu, Yuan Yuan, Zi Wang, Yifan Ma, Shuang Yu, Jing Zhang, Qing Xie, Yutong Liu
The β-TCP scaffold has been widely used as a bone graft substitute, but the traditional PMMA molding method-induced undesirable mechanical strength and poor interconnectivity still have not been addressed until now. In this study, a MBG-based PU foam templating method was developed to fabricate β-TCP scaffolds with desirable microtopography. The MBG gel, as both binder and modifier, prepared by a modified sol–gel method with controlled viscosity is incorporated with β-TCP powder and thereafter is impregnated into PU foam. The resultant hybrid scaffolds exhibited interconnected macropores (200–500 μm) and distinctive micropores (0.2–1.5 μm), especially for the TCP/25MBG (with 25 wt % content MBG). As expected, the compression strength of β-TCP/MBG composite scaffolds was enhanced with increasing MBG content, and TCP/50MBG (with 50 wt % content MBG) exhibited almost 100-fold enhancement compared to the pure β-TCP. Intriguingly, the cell affinity and osteogenic capacity of rBMSCs were also dramatically improved the best on TCP/25MBG. Further investigation found that the subtle, grainy-like microtopography, not the chemical composition, of the TCP/25MBG favored the adsorption of Fn and expression of integrin α5β1 and further facilitated FA formation and the expression of p-FAK, following activation of the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway and ultimately upregulated expression of osteogenic genes. Further in vivo experiments confirmed the promoted osteogenesis of TCP/25MBG in vivo. The results suggest that such a novel MBG-based PU foam templating method offers new guidance to construct hierarchically porous scaffolds, and the prepared MBG-modified β-TCP scaffold will have great potential for future use in bone tissue regeneration.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b02466

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b02466

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