5 years ago

Biopreservation of Myoglobin in Crowded Environment: A Comparison between Gelatin and Trehalose Matrixes

Biopreservation of Myoglobin in Crowded Environment: A Comparison between Gelatin and Trehalose Matrixes
Antonio Cupane, Grazia Cottone, Sergio Giuffrida, Enrico F. Semeraro
Biopreservation by sugar and/or polymeric matrixes is a thoroughly studied research topic with wide technological relevance. Ternary amorphous systems containing both saccharides and proteins are extensively exploited to model the in vivo biopreservation process. With the aim of disentangling the effect of saccharides and polypeptidic crowders (such as gelatin) on the preservation of a model protein, we present here a combined differential scanning calorimetry and UV–vis spectrophotometry study on samples of myoglobin embedded in amorphous gelatin and trehalose + gelatin matrixes at different hydrations, and compare them with amorphous myoglobin-only and myoglobin-trehalose samples. The results point out the different effects of gelatin, which acts mainly as a crowding agent, and trehalose, which acts mainly by direct interaction. Gelatin is able to improve effectively the protein thermal stability at very low hydration; however, it has small effects at medium to high hydration. Consistently, gelatin appears to be more effective than trehalose against massive denaturation in the long time range, while the mixed trehalose + collagen matrix is most effective in preserving protein functionality, outdoing both gelatin-only and trehalose-only matrixes.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b07266

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b07266

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