3 years ago

Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of an 111In-Labeled Exendin-4 Derivative as a Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography Probe for Imaging Pancreatic β-cells

Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of an 111In-Labeled Exendin-4 Derivative as a Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography Probe for Imaging Pancreatic β-cells
A non-invasive method of pancreatic β-cell mass measurement is needed to enhance our understanding of the pathogenesis of diabetes, facilitate the early diagnosis of this disease, and promote the development of novel therapeutics. Here, we described the synthesis of a novel indium-111 (111In) exendin-4 derivative, [Lys12(In-BnDTPA-Ahx)]exendin-4, through a process involving isothiocyanate-benzyl-DTPA (BnDTPA) and 6-aminohexanoic acid (Ahx) attached to an ɛ-amino group at the lysine-12 residue. We further evaluated the potential use of this derivative as a SPECT probe for pancreatic β-cell imaging. An in vitro binding assay revealed that [Lys12(natIn-BnDTPA-Ahx)]exendin-4 has a high affinity for GLP-1 receptors (IC50 = 0.43 nM). In biodistribution experiments involving normal mice, high [Lys12(111In-BnDTPA-Ahx)]exendin-4 uptake was observed in the pancreas (21.8 ± 4.0%ID/g) and was maintained for 2 hours after injection. Pre-injection of excess exendin(9-39) markedly reduced the pancreatic uptake of [Lys12(111In-BnDTPA-Ahx)]exendin-4 (95.2%), indicating that the uptake of this tracer is specific and mediated by GLP-1 receptors. Ex vivo autoradiography experiments involving pancreatic sections from MIP-GFP mice confirmed the accumulation of [Lys12(111In-BnDTPA-Ahx)]exendin-4 in pancreatic β-cells. Finally, in mice, [Lys12(111In-BnDTPA-Ahx)]exendin-4 SPECT/CT yielded clear images of the pancreas at 30 min post-injection. In conclusion, SPECT with [Lys12(111In-BnDTPA-Ahx)]exendin-4 enables to visualize β-cells in vivo non-invasively.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0968089617310015

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