3 years ago

How does the exosite of rhomboid protease affect substrate processing and inhibition?

Michael Shokhen, Amnon Albeck
Rhomboid proteases constitute a family of intramembrane serine proteases ubiquitous in all forms of life. They differ in many aspects from their soluble counterparts. We applied molecular dynamics (MD) computational approach to address several challenging issues regarding their catalytic mechanism: How does the exosite of GlpG rhomboid protease control the kinetics efficiency of substrate hydrolysis? What is the mechanism of inhibition by the non-competitive peptidyl aldehyde inhibitors bound to the GlpG rhomboid active site (AS)? What is the underlying mechanism that explains the hypothesis that GlpG rhomboid protease is not adopted for the hydrolysis of short peptides that do not contain a transmembrane domain (TMD)? Two fundamental features of rhomboid catalysis, the enzyme recognition and discrimination of substrates by TMD interactions in the exosite, and the concerted mechanism of non-covalent pre-catalytic complex to covalent tetrahedral complex (TC) conversion, provide answers to these mechanistic questions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/pro.3294

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.