5 years ago

Takotsubo syndrome: aetiology, presentation and treatment

Learning objectives

  • To understand postulated hypotheses about the pathophysiology of Takotsubo syndrome.

  • To obtain knowledge on clinical presentation and the examination findings of Takotsubo syndrome, which is helpful in differentiating between Takotsubo syndrome and acute coronary syndrome.

  • To learn the general strategy for the treatment of Takotsubo syndrome based on the limited evidence.

  • Introduction

    In the clinical setting, Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is one of the most important diseases that must be accurately differentiated from acute coronary syndrome (ACS) to enable appropriate follow-up and medical management. The prevalence of TTS is estimated to be approximately 2%–3% in all patients presenting with suspected ACS.1 However, it may be underestimated because knowledge of diagnostic criteria is often incomplete, such as the possible coexistence of coronary artery disease (CAD). According to the widely used Mayo Clinic Diagnostic Criteria modified in 2008, incidental obstructive CAD not related...

    Publisher URL: http://heart.bmj.com/cgi/content/short/103/18/1461

    DOI: 10.1136/heartjnl-2016-309783

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