3 years ago

Marine {omega}-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake and survival after colorectal cancer diagnosis

Objective

Experimental evidence supports an antineoplastic activity of marine -3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (-3 PUFAs; including eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid and docosapentaenoic acid). However, the influence of -3 PUFAs on colorectal cancer (CRC) survival is unknown.

Design

Within the Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study, we prospectively studied CRC-specific and overall mortality in a cohort of 1659 patients with CRC according to intake of marine -3 PUFAs and its change after diagnosis.

Results

Higher intake of marine -3 PUFAs after CRC diagnosis was associated with lower risk of CRC-specific mortality (p for trend=0.03). Compared with patients who consumed <0.10 g/day of marine -3 PUFAs, those consuming at least 0.30 g/day had an adjusted HR for CRC-specific mortality of 0.59 (95% CI 0.35 to 1.01). Patients who increased their marine -3 PUFA intake by at least 0.15 g/day after diagnosis had an HR of 0.30 (95% CI 0.14 to 0.64, p for trend <0.001) for CRC deaths, compared with those who did not change or changed their intake by <0.02 g/day. No association was found between postdiagnostic marine -3 PUFA intake and all-cause mortality (p for trend=0.47).

Conclusions

High marine -3 PUFA intake after CRC diagnosis is associated with lower risk of CRC-specific mortality. Increasing consumption of marine -3 PUFAs after diagnosis may confer additional benefits to patients with CRC.

Publisher URL: http://gut.bmj.com/cgi/content/short/66/10/1790

DOI: 10.1136/gutjnl-2016-311990

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