5 years ago

Unraveling the Addition–Elimination Mechanism of EPSP Synthase through Computer Modeling

Unraveling the Addition–Elimination Mechanism of EPSP Synthase through Computer Modeling
Cláudio Nahum Alves, Jerônimo Lameira, Anderson H. Lima, Alberto M. dos Santos
Enolpyruvyl transfer from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to the hydroxyl group of shikimate-5-OH-3-phosphate (S3P) is catalyzed by 5-enolpyruvylshikimate 3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase in a reaction that involves breaking the C–O bond of PEP. Catalysis involves an addition–elimination mechanism with the formation of a tetrahedral intermediate (THI). Experiments have elucidated the mechanism of THI formation and breakdown. However, the catalytic action of EPSP synthase and the individual roles of catalytic residues Asp313 and Glu341 remains unclear. We have used a hybrid quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) approach to explore the free energy surface in a reaction catalyzed by EPSP synthase. The Glu341 was the most favorable acid/base catalyst. Our results indicate that the protonation of PEP C3 precedes the nucleophilic attack on PEP C2 in the addition mechanism. Also, the breaking of the C–O bond of THI to form an EPSP cation intermediate must occur before proton transfer from PEP C3 to Glu341 in the elimination mechanism. Analysis of the FES supports cationic intermediate formation during the reaction catalyzed by EPSP synthase. Finally, the computational model indicates a proton transfer shift (Hammond shift) from Glu341 to C3 for an enzyme-based reaction with the shifted transition state, earlier than in the reference reaction in water.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b05063

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b05063

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.