3 years ago

Potential of producing carbon fiber from biorefinery corn stover lignin with high ash content

Potential of producing carbon fiber from biorefinery corn stover lignin with high ash content
Yuan Xue, Wangda Qu, Xianglan Bai, Xinwei Wang, Jing Liu
The possibility of producing carbon fiber from an industrial corn stover lignin was investigated in the present study. As-received, high-ash containing lignin was subjected to methanol fractionation, acetylation, and thermal treatment prior to melt spinning and the changes in physiochemical and thermal properties were evaluated. Methanol fractionation removed most of the impurities in the raw lignin and also selectively removed the molecules with high melting points. However, neither methanol fractionation nor thermal treatment rendered melt-spinnable precursors. The precursors were highly viscous and decomposed easily at low temperatures, attributed to the presence of H, G phenolic units, and abundant hydroxycinnamate groups in herbaceous lignin. A two-step acetylation of methanol fractionated lignin greatly improved the mobility of lignin, while enhancing the thermal stability of the precursor during melt-spinning. Fourier Transform Infrared and 2D-NMR analysis showed that the contents of phenolic and aliphatic hydroxyls, as well as the hydroxycinnamates, decreased in the acetylated precursors. The optimum precursor was a partially acetylated lignin with a glass transition temperature of 85 °C. Upon oxidative stabilization and carbonization, the carbon fibers with an average tensile strength of 454 MPa and modulus of 62 GPa were obtained. The Raman spectroscopy showed the ID/IG ratio of the carbon fiber was 2.53. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 134, 45736.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/app.45736

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