4 years ago

Comparison of 30-Day Readmission Rates After Hospitalization for Acute Myocardial Infarction in Men Versus Women

Readmission after hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) significantly contributes to preventable morbidity and health-care costs. Outcomes after AMI vary by sex but the relationship of sex to readmissions warrants further exploration. Using the 2013 Nationwide Readmissions Database, we identified patients with a principal discharge diagnosis of AMI and stratified all-cause 30-day readmissions by sex and age. Of 214,824 patients, 44% were 18 to 64 years of age, 56% were ≥65 years, and 28% and 45%, respectively, were female. For patients 18 to 64 years, the readmission rate was 14% for women and 10% for men (p <0.001). For patients ≥65 years, the readmission rate was 18% for women and 16% for men (p <0.001). After adjusting for co-morbidities, women had a significantly higher risk of 30-day readmission compared with men, an effect that was strongest in younger women (odds ratio [OR] 1.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.06 to 1.39, for ages 18 to 44; OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.18, for ages 45 to 64; OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.19, for ages 65 to 74, interaction p <0.001). The procedure rates during the index hospitalization were significantly lower for women. The most common readmission diagnoses were recurrent AMI, ischemic heart disease, and heart failure. Costs associated with readmissions after AMI totaled $447,506,740, of which $176,743,622 were attributed to readmissions of women. In conclusion, women are at higher risk of short-term readmission after an AMI hospitalization than men, particularly younger women. Sex-specific strategies to reduce these readmissions may be warranted.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0002914917311086

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