5 years ago

Prevalence of Hyperuricemia in Patients With Acute Heart Failure With Either Reduced or Preserved Ejection Fraction

The relation between uric acid (UA) and heart failure has been described; however, there is little detail concerning acute heart failure (AHF) in patients with reduced versus preserved ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF, HFpEF). We studied 324 consecutive AHF patients screened from interventional Diur-HF Trial (NCT01441245) from January 2011 to February 2016, and divided into HFrEF (EF <50%) and HFpEF (EF ≥50%). We defined hyperuricemia as serum UA ≥7.0 mg/dL in men and ≥6 mg/dL in women. Patients were followed up for 6 months after discharge. The primary outcome was heart failure hospitalization or death. Among 173 HFrEF and 151 HFpEF cases, hyperuricemia was found in 43% and 57%, respectively (p = 0.01). Hyperuricemia was also more frequent in women (74% vs 60%; p = 0.008), those with diabetes (39% vs 19%; p <0.001), hypertension (62% vs 43%; p = 0.001), and atrial fibrillation (48% vs 34%; p = 0.01). In patients with HFrEF, univariate analysis found that hyperuricemia (hazard ratio [HR] 1.48, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02 to 2.15; p = 0.04) and congestion score ≥3 (HR 2.83, 95% CI 1.52 to 5.28; p <0.001) were associated with the primary end point; after adjustment, only congestion score ≥3 (HR 2.08, 95% CI 1.06 to 4.10; p = 0.03) confirmed this trend. Conversely, in patients with HFpEF, hyperuricemia was the only significant predictor of the primary end point both in univariate (HR 2.25, 95% CI 1.44 to 3.50; p <0.001) and multivariate analyses (HR 2.38, 95% CI 1.32 to 4.28; p = 0.004). In conclusion, in AHF hyperuricemia is common in both in HFrEF and in HFpEF. In the HFpEF subgroup, hyperuricemia was the only independent predictor of heart failure hospitalization or death.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0002914917311190

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