3 years ago

Longitudinal Changes in Segmental Aortic Stiffness Determined by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in Children and Young Adults With Connective Tissue Disorders (the Marfan, Loeys-Dietz, and Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes, and Nonspecific Connective Tissue Disorders)

Aortic stiffness measured by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in connective tissue disorder (CTD) patients has been previously shown to be abnormal and to be associated with adverse aortic outcomes. The rate of increase in aortic stiffness with normal aging has been previously described. However, longitudinal changes in aortic stiffness have not been characterized in CTD patients. We examined longitudinal changes in CMR-derived aortic stiffness in children and young adults with CTDs. A retrospective analysis of 50 children and young adults (median age, 20 years; range, 0.2 to 49; 40% < 18 years old) with a CTD, and with at least 2 CMR examinations (total 152 examinations) over a median duration of 3.9 (1 to 13.2) years was performed. Aortic stiffness measures (strain, distensibility, and β stiffness index) were calculated on each examination at the aortic root (AoR), ascending aorta, and descending aorta. Longitudinal changes in parameters were analyzed using linear mixed-effects models. Aortic strain and distensibility decreased with age, whereas the β stiffness index increased at all aortic segments. The average rates of decline in distensibility (x10−3 mm Hg−1 per 10-year increase in age) were 0.7, 1.3, and 1 at the AoR, ascending aorta, and descending aorta, respectively. The rates of decline in distensibility were not associated with the rates of AoR dilation or surgical AoR replacement. In conclusion, on serial CMR measurements in children and young adults with CTDs, aortic stiffness progressively increased with age, with rates of change only slightly higher than those previously reported in healthy adults.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0002914917311268

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