3 years ago

Programmed Self-Assembly of Branched Nanocrystals with an Amphiphilic Surface Pattern

Programmed Self-Assembly of Branched Nanocrystals with an Amphiphilic Surface Pattern
Takuya Nakashima, Yuki Taniguchi, Muhammad Adli Bin Sazali, Yusei Kobayashi, Tsuyoshi Kawai, Noriyoshi Arai
Site-selective surface modification on the shape-controlled nanocrystals is a key approach in the programmed self-assembly of inorganic colloidal materials. This study demonstrates a simple methodology to gain self-assemblies of semiconductor nanocrystals with branched shapes through tip-to-tip attachment. Short-chained water-soluble cationic thiols are employed as a surface ligand for CdSe tetrapods and CdSe/CdS core/shell octapods. Because of the less affinity of arm-tip to the surface ligands compared to the arm-side wall, the tip-surface becomes uncapped to give a hydrophobic nature, affording an amphiphilic surface pattern. The amphiphilic tetrapods aggregated into porous agglomerates through tip-to-tip connection in water, while they afforded a hexagonally arranged Kagome-like two-dimensional (2D) assembly by the simple casting of aqueous dispersion with the aid of a convective self-assembly mechanism. A 2D net-like assembly was similarly obtained from amphiphilic octapods. A dissipative particle dynamics simulation using a planar tripod model with an amphiphilic surface pattern reproduced the formation of the Kagome-like assembly in a 2D confined space, demonstrating that the lateral diffusion of nanoparticles and the firm contacts between the hydrophobic tips play crucial roles in the self-assembly.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b04719

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b04719

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