4 years ago

Transforming Polybutadiene with Tetrazine Click Chemistry into Antioxidant Foams That Fluoresce with Oxidation

Transforming Polybutadiene with Tetrazine Click Chemistry into Antioxidant Foams That Fluoresce with Oxidation
Brandon M. Kobilka, Robb E. Bagge, Douglas A. Loy, Dylan J. Boday, Timothy C. Mauldin
The extent to which oxidative degradation of macromolecules can be delayed is generally limited by the low solubility of antioxidants in most polymers. This can be surmounted by synthesizing macromolecules with covalently attached antioxidant functionalities, but these are frequently expensive. Here, we demonstrate a simple click modification of polybutadienes (PDB) with 3,6-dichloro-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (DCT) that, in addition to modifying and stiffening the polymer chains, releases nitrogen gas to foam the solidifying polymers and generates dihydropyridazine groups that transform them into macromolecular antioxidants. Tetrazines react by a cycloaddition/cycloreversion reaction (Carboni–Lindsey reaction) with the C═C bonds to install 1,4-dihydropyridazine groups that increase the mass and rigidity of the butadiene macromolecules. The 1,4-dihydropyridazine group is an effective antioxidant that donates two hydrogen atoms per ring to combine with radicals and forms an aromatic pyridazine ring whose white fluorescence under UV permits visual monitoring of oxidation. Foams made by reacting liquid hydroxyl-terminated polybutadienes with DCT stabilize with thermoset formation through substitution reactions between the hydroxyl and dichlorodihydropyridazine groups.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b02973

DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b02973

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.