5 years ago

Optical properties of organic carbon and soot produced in an inverse diffusion flame

Optical properties of organic carbon and soot produced in an inverse diffusion flame
The carbonaceous particulate matter (soot plus organic carbon) sampled downstream of an ethylene inverse diffusion flame (IDF) was chemically and spectroscopically analyzed in detail. In particular, the H/C ratio, the UV–Visible absorption coefficient and Raman parameters were measured and found to be representative of a highly disordered sp2-rich carbon as the early soot sampled in a premixed flame. In contrast, the optical band gap was found to be relatively low (0.7eV), closer to the optical band gap of graphite than to that of medium-sized polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (>2eV) which are widely considered to be soot precursors and are mostly contained in the organic carbon. The significance of the optical band gap as signature of different structural levels (nano-, micro- and macro-structure) of sp2-rich aromatic disordered carbons was critically analyzed in reference to their molecular weight/size distribution. The relevance of the optical band analysis to the study of the soot formation mechanism was also highlighted.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0008622317308473

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