3 years ago

Incidence and risk factors for postoperative shoulder imbalance in scoliosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract

Purpose

This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis to detect the incidence and risk factors for postoperative shoulder imbalance (PSI) in scoliosis.

Methods

A systematic online search was conducted to identify eligible studies. ES, OR and WMD with 95% CI were used to assess the incidence and risk factors associated with PSI.

Results

Twenty-six studies were recruited. The pooled incidence of PSI was 25% (95% CI 20–31%). The incidence in Lenke 1 AIS, Lenke 2 AIS, Lenke 5 AIS and mixed AIS was 20% (9–31%), 26% (15–37%), 31% (17–45%) and 27% (19–35%), respectively. Using RSH ≥10 mm as the criterion of PSI, we found that preoperative LC, postoperative RSH, correction rate of MTC at follow-up were primary risk factors for PSI at follow-up. In the analysis of using RSH ≥20 mm as the criterion of PSI, our results showed that Risser sign, postoperative RSH, correction rate of PTC at follow-up, and LC at follow-up were contributing to PSI. Besides, scoliosis patients with PSI were more likely to suffer from adding-on.

Conclusions

The pooled incidence of PSI in scoliosis was 25%. Risser sign, preoperative LC, postoperative RSH, correction rate of PTC at follow-up, correction rate of MTC at follow-up, and LC at follow-up were risk factors for PSI in patients with scoliosis. Adding-on might be a compensatory mechanism for PSI. It is recommended that (1) sufficient correction of PTC and moderate correction of MTC and LC in the operation should be performed; (2) PSI should be prevented not only for the patients’ postoperative appearance, but also for preventing the adding-on phenomenon.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00586-017-5289-y

DOI: 10.1007/s00586-017-5289-y

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.