3 years ago

Stress-Activated Chaperones: A First Line of Defense

Proteins are constantly challenged by environmental stress conditions that threaten their structure and function. Especially problematic are oxidative, acid, and severe heat stress which induce very rapid and widespread protein unfolding and generate conditions that make canonical chaperones and/or transcriptional responses inadequate to protect the proteome. We review here recent advances in identifying and characterizing stress-activated chaperones which are inactive under non-stress conditions but become potent chaperones under specific protein-unfolding stress conditions. We discuss the post-translational mechanisms by which these chaperones sense stress, and consider the role that intrinsic disorder plays in their regulation and function. We examine their physiological roles under both non-stress and stress conditions, their integration into the cellular proteostasis network, and their potential as novel therapeutic targets.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0968000417301597

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