5 years ago

Chain Extension of Polyamide 6 using Multifunctional Chain Extenders and Reactive Extrusion for Melt Foaming

Chain Extension of Polyamide 6 using Multifunctional Chain Extenders and Reactive Extrusion for Melt Foaming
We used the reactive extrusion method to modify virgin polyamides 6 (PA6) for melt foaming. The reactive extrusion was performed with a Haake melt mixer, and the following modifiers were used: 1,1'-isophthaloyl-bis-caprolactam (IBC), 2,2'-bis(2-oxazoline) (BOZ) and an epoxy-type chain extender KL-E4370 (EP) as well as an IBC and BOZ combination. The chain extender’s effects on the reactive modification were characterized through the PA6 chain’s rheological properties, including the storage modulus, the loss modulus, and the dynamic complex viscosity. The EP-modified PA6 was shown to have the highest viscoelasticity; that is, the highest melt strength. The PA6’s melting and crystallization properties were also investigated. A high-pressure differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) under compressed CO2 was used to evaluate the foaming temperature windows. Finally, the foamability of the modified PA6 was verified by our batch melt foaming experiments, where supercritical CO2 was used as the blowing agent. The EP-modified PA6 with the highest melt strength had the widest foaming window and the biggest expansion ratio.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0014305717311795

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