4 years ago

Microbiome Changes during Tuberculosis and Antituberculous Therapy.

Maulén NP, Cervantes J, Hong BY, Granados H, Adami AJ, Balcells ME
The critical role of commensal microbiota in the human body has been increasingly recognized, and our understanding of its implications in human health and disease has expanded rapidly. The lower respiratory tract contains diverse communities of microbes known as lung microbiota, which are present in healthy individuals and in individuals with respiratory diseases. The dysbiosis of the airway microbiota in pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) may play a role in the pathophysiological processes associated with TB disease. Recent studies of the lung microbiome have pointed out changes in lung microbial communities associated with TB and other lung diseases and have also begun to elucidate the profound effects that antituberculous drug therapy can have on the human lung microbiome composition. In this review, the potential role of the human microbiome in TB pathogenesis and the changes in the human microbiome with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and TB therapy are presented and discussed.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27608937

DOI: PubMed:27608937

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