5 years ago

Total Sulfur Amino Acid Requirements Are Not Altered in Children with Chronic Renal Insufficiency, but Minimum Methionine Needs Are Increased.

Ball RO, Rafii M, Humayun MA, Elango R, Turner JM, Langos V, Pencharz PB
Background: The total sulfur amino acid (TSAA) and minimum Met requirements have been previously determined in healthy children. TSAA metabolism is altered in kidney disease. Whether TSAA requirements are altered in children with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) is unknown.Objective: We sought to determine the TSAA (Met in the absence of Cys) requirements and minimum Met (in the presence of excess Cys) requirements in children with CRI.Methods: Five children (4 boys, 1 girl) aged 10 ± 2.6 y with CRI were randomly assigned to receive graded intakes of Met (0, 5, 10, 15, 25, and 35 mg ⋅ kg-1 ⋅ d-1) with no Cys in the diet. Four of the children (3 boys, 1 girl) were then randomly assigned to receive graded dietary intakes of Met (0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, and 15 mg ⋅ kg-1 ⋅ d-1) with 21 mg ⋅ kg-1 ⋅ d-1 Cys. The mean TSAA and minimum Met requirements were determined by measuring the oxidation of l-[1-13C]Phe to 13CO2 (F13CO2). A 2-phase linear-regression crossover analysis of the F13CO2 data identified a breakpoint at minimal F13CO2 Urine samples collected from all study days and from previous studies of healthy children were measured for sulfur metabolites.Results: The mean and population-safe (upper 95% CI) intakes of TSAA and minimum Met in children with CRI were determined to be 12.6 and 15.9 mg ⋅ kg-1 ⋅ d-1 and 7.3 and 10.9 mg ⋅ kg-1 ⋅ d-1, respectively. In healthy school-aged children the mean and upper 95% CI intakes of TSAA and minimum Met were determined to be 12.9 and 17.2 mg ⋅ kg-1 ⋅ d-1 and 5.8 and 7.3 mg ⋅ kg-1 ⋅ d-1, respectively. A comparison of the minimum Met requirements between healthy children and children with CRI indicated significant (P < 0.05) differences.Conclusion: These results suggest that children with CRI have a similar mean and population-safe TSAA to that of healthy children, suggesting adequate Cys synthesis via transsulfuration, but higher minimum Met requirement, suggesting reduced remethylation rates.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28855417

DOI: PubMed:28855417

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