Selective hydrolysis of hemicellulose component of wheat straw in high pressure CO2 and water with low concentration of acetic acid
Selective hydrolysis of hemicellulose component from lignocellulose is one of the most vital steps for lignocellulose biorefinery. In this report, wheat straw, one of the largest output agriculture residues, was treated by high pressure CO2‐H2O in the presence of low concentration of acetic acid to selectively hydrolyze hemicellulose.
The in situ formed carbonic acid and acetic acid catalyzed the selective hydrolysis of hemicellulose. The removal ratio of hemicellulose reached 82.3% when the lignocellulose was treated in the high pressure CO2‐H2O‐CH3COOH (Cacetic acid = 0.3 mol L−1) system at 180 °C for 1 h, and oligosaccharides and monosaccharide were main products. After removing most part of hemicellulose component, cellulose component was exposed with the increase of surface area. Additionally, the surface of treated wheat straw became rough.
High pressure CO2‐H2O with low concentration of acetic acid is effective to remove and hydrolyze the hemicellulose component of WS. Acetic acid improves the removal ratio of hemicellulose.
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Publisher URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jctb.6411