3 years ago

Recent Advances in Enzyme-Nanostructure Biocatalysts with Enhanced Activity

Recent Advances in Enzyme-Nanostructure Biocatalysts with Enhanced Activity
Jing An, Galong Li, Yifan Zhang, Tingbin Zhang, Xiaoli Liu, Fei Gao, Mingli Peng, Yuan He, Haiming Fan
Owing to their unique physicochemical properties and comparable size to biomacromolecules, functional nanostructures have served as powerful supports to construct enzyme-nanostructure biocatalysts (nanobiocatalysts). Of particular importance, recent years have witnessed the development of novel nanobiocatalysts with remarkably increased enzyme activities. This review provides a comprehensive description of recent advances in the field of nanobiocatalysts, with systematic elaboration of the underlying mechanisms of activity enhancement, including metal ion activation, electron transfer, morphology effects, mass transfer limitations, and conformation changes. The nanobiocatalysts highlighted here are expected to provide an insight into enzyme–nanostructure interaction, and provide a guideline for future design of high-efficiency nanobiocatalysts in both fundamental research and practical applications.

Publisher URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4344/10/3/338

DOI: 10.3390/catal10030338

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