3 years ago

Planochromism of cyanoxime anions: Computational and mechanistic studies in solid state and solutions

Planochromism of cyanoxime anions: Computational and mechanistic studies in solid state and solutions
Jeffrey Morton, Richard Dennison, Victor Nemykin, Nikolay Gerasimchuk

The benzoylcyanoxime, NC-C(N-OH)-C(O)-C6H5 (later H(BCO)), represents a new ampolydentate ligand that received attention in the light of useful biological properties of its coordination compounds. Colorless H(BCO), upon deprotonation, gains color that depends on the counter-cation and the system in general. Five derivatives of H(BCO), with colorless organic and inorganic mono-cations – Cs, Tl, Ag, N(CH3)4 and As(C6H5)4 – were synthesized and characterized by the X-ray analysis, vibrational and electronic spectroscopy. Compounds exhibited unexpected and significant differences in color, both in solid state and in solutions, that were challenging to explain, thereby warranting detailed investigation including high-level DFT/TDFT computations. It was found that the BCO anion demonstrates negative solvatochromic in polar protic ROH (RH, CH3, C2H5, C3H7, C4H9) solvents, and appears yellow in color, as tetraalkylammonium or alkali metal salts. In polar aprotic solvents, such as CH3CN, DMF, and DMSO, solutions of the BCO- anion are red. The color originates from n → π * transition in the anion. Solid state structures evidenced a considerable dependence on planarity of the BCO anion on its color, as well as on the character of bonding in the CNO fragment: yellow color is associated with an oxime (bond length CN is shorter than NO), while red color is due to the nitroso character (bond length CN is longer than the NO). An addition of ethanol to red solutions of the BCO-containing salts leads to the color change to yellow, which is the result of the formation of an H-bond between the CNO fragment of cyanoxime and the solvent, also leading to the flattening of the structure. An explanation for this new color-changing effect was offered, based on experimental evidence and TD/DFT calculations.

Publisher URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020169319316196

DOI: 10.1016/j.ica.2020.119570

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