3 years ago

Structure, interactions and membrane topology of HIV gp41 ectodomain sequences

Structure, interactions and membrane topology of HIV gp41 ectodomain sequences
Christopher Aisenbrey, Burkhard Bechinger

The gp41 type I membrane protein is part of the trimeric Env complex forming the spikes at the HIV surface. By interacting with cellular receptors, the Env protein complex initiates the infectious cycle of HIV. After the first contact has been established Env disassembles by shedding gp120 while the remaining gp41 undergoes a number of conformational changes which drive fusion of the cellular and the viral membranes. Here we investigated the membrane interactions and oligomerization of the two gp41 heptad repeat domains NHR and CHR. While these are thought to form a six-helix bundle in the post-fusion state little is known about their structure and role during prior fusion events. When investigated in aqueous buffer by CD and fluorescence quenching techniques the formation of NHR/CHR hetero-oligomers is detected. An equilibrium of monomers and hetero-oligomers is also observed in membrane environments. Furthermore, the partitioning to POPC or POPC/POPG 3/1 vesicles of the two domains alone or in combination has been studied. The membrane interactions were further characterized by 15N solid-state NMR spectroscopy of uniaxially oriented samples which shows that the polypeptide helices are oriented parallel to the bilayer surface. The 31P solid-state NMR spectra of the same samples are indicative of considerable disordering of the membrane packing. The data support models where NHR and CHR insert in the viral and cellular membranes, respectively, where they exhibit an active role in the membrane fusion events.

Publisher URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0005273620300997

DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2020.183274

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.