3 years ago

Leukodystrophies and Genetic Leukoencephalopathies in Children Specified by Exome Sequencing in an Expanded Gene Panel

Bindu Parayil Sankaran, Madhu Nagappa, Shwetha Chiplunkar, Sonam Kothari, Periyasamy Govindaraj, Sanjib Sinha, Arun B. Taly
The overlapping clinical and neuroimaging phenotypes of leukodystrophies pose a diagnostic challenge to both clinicians and researchers alike. Studies on the application of exome sequencing in the diagnosis of leukodystrophies are emerging. We used targeted gene panel sequencing of 6440 genes to investigate the genetic etiology in a cohort of 50 children with neuroimaging diagnosis of leukodystrophy/genetic leukoencephalopathy of unknown etiology. These 50 patients without a definite biochemical or genetic diagnosis were derived from a cohort of 88 patients seen during a 2.5-year period (2015 January-2017 June). Patients who had diagnosis by biochemical or biopsy confirmation (n = 17) and patients with incomplete data or lack of follow-up (n = 21) were excluded. Exome sequencing identified variants in 30 (60%) patients, which included pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in 28 and variants of unknown significance in 2. Among the patients with pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants, classic leukodystrophies constituted 13 (26%) and genetic leukoencephalopathies 15 (30%). The clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and genetic features of the identified disorders are discussed.

Publisher URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0883073820904294

DOI: 10.1177/0883073820904294

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