3 years ago

Ex situ environmental risk assessment of polluted soils using threshold guide values for the land snail Cantareus aspersus

<em>Ex situ</em> environmental risk assessment of polluted soils using threshold guide values for the land snail <em>Cantareus aspersus</em>
M. Louzon, B. Pauget, F. Gimbert, N. Morin-Crini, A. de Vaufleury

Environmental risk assessment of contaminated soils should ideally be carried out with complementary approaches (chemical and biological) conducted in situ and ex situ. While biological methods based on the assessment of effect and bioaccumulation in bioindicators exist for soil fauna organisms, such as land snails, the methodology is currently limited in the field to 14 metallic elements (MEs). To provide new relevant tools to the stakeholders of polluted fields, the aim of this work is to determine ex situ threshold guide values (ex situ TGVs), for 15 MEs, 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and 7 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). These ex situ TGVs are the usual concentration of contaminants found in the viscera of the bioindicator Cantareus aspersus after 28 days of exposure to uncontaminated soils. The second objective was to assess and validate the relevance of these ex situ TGVs for the interpretation of contamination levels in various European contaminated soils based on global index calculations: i) The sum of the excess of transfers (SETs) and ii) the weighted SETs based on the general toxicity points of each contaminant used to evaluate the risk of transferred MEs, PAHs and PCBs (ERITMEs, ERITPAHs and ERITPCBs, respectively). In addition, the influence of soil physico-chemical properties on accumulation was modelled to better understand their roles in bioavailability. The presented ex situ TGV and the associated indicators (the global sum of the excess of transfers and global ecotoxicological risk) provide a basis by which stakeholders can prioritize the management of polluted soils depending on the risk they may represent. The determination of ex situ TGVs for organic and inorganic compounds provides new tools to characterize excess contaminant transfers, and it will also allow the use of snails for ERAs, notably for common pollutants, such as PAHs and PCBs for which guide values are not available.

Publisher URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969720313012

DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137789

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