3 years ago

Biological coating with platelet-rich plasma and adipose tissue-derived microvascular fragments improves the vascularization, biocompatibility and tissue incorporation of porous polyethylene

Biological coating with platelet-rich plasma and adipose tissue-derived microvascular fragments improves the vascularization, biocompatibility and tissue incorporation of porous polyethylene
Thomas Später, Anne L. Tobias, Maximilian M. Menger, Ruth M. Nickels, Michael D. Menger, Matthias W. Laschke

Porous polyethylene (pPE) is a commonly used biomaterial in craniofacial reconstructive surgery. However, implant failure due to insufficient vascularization represents a major issue. To overcome this problem, we herein introduce an effective strategy to improve the vascularization and incorporation of pPE. Adipose tissue-derived microvascular fragments (MVF) from transgenic green fluorescent protein (GFP)+ mice were suspended in platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for the coating of pPE. PRP/MVF-coated pPE as well as PRP-coated and uncoated controls were subsequently implanted into the dorsal skinfold chamber and the flanks of GFP wild-type mice to analyze their in vivo performance throughout 2, 4 and 8 weeks by means of intravital fluorescence microscopy, histology and immunohistochemistry. The GFP+/GFP cross-over design allowed the identification of GFP+ MVF within the implants. Shortly after implantation, they rapidly reassembled into new blood-perfused microvascular networks, resulting in a significantly accelerated vascularization of PRP/MVF-coated pPE when compared to both controls. The overall numbers of rolling and adherent leukocytes within the microcirculation as well as macrophages, multi-nucleated giant cells and mast cells around the implants did not differ between the three groups. However, in contrast to uncoated controls, PRP/MVF-coated and PRP-coated pPE promoted pro-angiogenic M2 macrophage polarization at the implantation site. These findings demonstrate that PRP/MVF-coating represents a highly effective strategy to enhance the vascularization, biocompatibility and tissue incorporation of pPE.

Statement of Significance

The clinical in vivo performance of implanted biomaterials is crucially dependent on their adequate incorporation into the body. To achieve this, we herein introduce an effective biological coating strategy. Our results demonstrate that coating with platelet-rich plasma and adipose tissue-derived microvascular fragments accelerates and enhances the vascularization, biocompatibility and tissue incorporation of porous polyethylene. Because this type of biological coating is easily applicable on any type of biomaterial, our approach may rapidly be translated into clinical practice to improve the outcome of various regenerative approaches.

Publisher URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1742706120301501

DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2020.03.018

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