3 years ago

High Human Papillomavirus DNA loads in Inflammatory Middle Ear Diseases

High Human Papillomavirus DNA loads in Inflammatory Middle Ear Diseases
Nicola Malagutti, John Charles Rotondo, Luca Cerritelli, Claudio Melchiorri, Monica De Mattei, Rita Selvatici, Lucia Oton-Gonzalez, Francesco Stomeo, Manuela Mazzoli, Michela Borin, Beatrice Mores, Andrea Ciorba, Mauro Tognon, Stefano Pelucchi, Fernanda Martini
Background. Previous studies reported human papillomaviruses (HPVs) in middle ear tumors, whereas these viruses have been poorly investigated in chronic inflammatory middle ear diseases. We investigated HPVs in non-tumor middle ear diseases, including chronic otitis media (COM). Methods. COM specimens (n = 52), including chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) (n =38) and cholesteatoma (COMC) (n = 14), as well as normal middle ear (NME) specimens (n = 56) were analyzed. HPV sequences and DNA loads were analyzed by quantitative-PCR. HPV genotyping was performed by direct sequencing. Results. HPV DNA was detected in 23% (12/52) of COM and in 30.4% (17/56) of NME (p > 0.05). Specifically, HPV DNA sequences were found in 26.3% (10/38) of CSOM and in 14.3% (2/14) of COMC (p > 0.05). Interestingly, the HPV DNA load was higher in COMC (mean 7.47 copy/cell) than in CSOM (mean 1.02 copy/cell) and NME (mean 1.18 copy/cell) (P = 0.03 and P = 0.017 versus CSOM and NME, respectively). HPV16 and HPV18 were the main genotypes detected in COMC, CSOM and NME. Conclusions. These data suggest that HPV may infect the middle ear mucosa, whereas HPV-positive COMCs are associated with higher viral DNA loads as compared to NME.

Publisher URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-0817/9/3/224

DOI: 10.3390/pathogens9030224

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