3 years ago

Role of Proton Motive Force in Photoinduction of Cytoplasmic Streaming in Vallisneria Mesophyll Cells

Role of Proton Motive Force in Photoinduction of Cytoplasmic Streaming in Vallisneria Mesophyll Cells
Akiko Harada, Yoshiji Okazaki, Toshinori Kinoshita, Reiko Nagai, Shingo Takagi
In mesophyll cells of the aquatic monocot Vallisneria, red light induces rotational cytoplasmic streaming, which is regulated by the cytoplasmic concentration of Ca2+. Our previous investigations revealed that red light induces Ca2+ efflux across the plasma membrane (PM), and that both the red light-induced cytoplasmic streaming and the Ca2+ efflux are sensitive to vanadate, an inhibitor of P-type ATPases. In this study, pharmacological experiments suggested the involvement of PM H+-ATPase, one of the P-type ATPases, in the photoinduction of cytoplasmic streaming. We hypothesized that red light would activate PM H+-ATPase to generate a large H+ motive force (PMF) in a photosynthesis-dependent manner. We demonstrated that indeed, photosynthesis increased the PMF and induced phosphorylation of the penultimate residue, threonine, of PM H+-ATPase, which is a major activation mechanism of H+-ATPase. The results suggested that a large PMF generated by PM H+-ATPase energizes the Ca2+ efflux across the PM. As expected, we detected a putative Ca2+/H+ exchange activity in PM vesicles isolated from Vallisneria leaves.

Publisher URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2223-7747/9/3/376

DOI: 10.3390/plants9030376

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