3 years ago

Hemivertebra Resection Combined With Wedge Osteotomy for Treatment of Severe Rigid Congenital Kyphoscoliosis in Adolescence

Xinhua Yin, Liang Yan, Baorong He, Ding Jun Hao, Zhongkai Liu


There was a controversy about surgery approach of severe rigid congenital kyphoscoliosis in adolescence treatment. Aim of the study is to compare the clinical efficacy of surgical treatement by hemivertebra resection (HR) and hemivertebra resection combined with wedge osteotomy (HRWO) for severe rigid congenital kyphoscoliosis in adolescence.


Twenty-five patients with severe rigid congenital kyphoscoliosis between Jan 2006 and Dec 2011 were studied in our center. The patients were divided into hemivertebra resection group (group HR) or hemivertebra resection combined with wedge osteotomy group (group HRWO). The clinical and radiographic evaluation in terms of operation time, blood loss, correction rate, fusion time, hospital stay, complications and SRS-24 questionnaire score were compared between Group A and Group B.


It is obvious that group HR achieved much better results in time of operation time, intra-operative blood loss, and hospital stay than group HRWO (P < 0.05). But meanwhile, group HRWO was significantly better than group HR in the times of coronal Cobb angle, kyphosis, the sagittal imbalance, coronal imbalance and SRS-24 questionnaire score (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the age, mean flexibility, follow-up time, fusion time, and complications in the last follow-up (P > 0.05).


The outcomes of follow-up showed that the hemivertebra resection combined with wedge osteotomy approach obtained better clinical outcomes hemivertebra resection surgery. It might be a better surgical treatment for severe rigid congenital kyphoscoliosis in adolescence patients, but it needs longer operation time, more intra-operative blood loss, and extended hospital stay.

Publisher URL: https://www.researchsquare.com/article/rs-17556/v1

DOI: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-17556/v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.