3 years ago

Effect of Pioglitazone on Skeletal Muscle Lipid Deposition in the Insulin Resistance Rat Model Induced by High Fructose Diet Under AMPK Signaling Pathway

Lixin Tan, An Song, Luping Ren, Chao Wang, Guangyao Song
To study the changes of lipid deposition in skeletal muscle of insulin resistance rat and the effect of pioglitazone intervention on the expression of AMPK pathway related genes in rat, a rat model of insulin resistance was induced and constructed by high fructose diet as an test group, and normal rats were used as a control group. First, the effect of pioglitazone intervention on serum lipids-related indicators and mRNA expression levels of fat-related genes in skeletal muscle in rats was investigated. Then skeletal muscle sections were made and stained with oil red O to investigate the effect of pioglitazone intervention on lipid deposition in skeletal muscle of rats. Finally, the effects of pioglitazone intervention therapy on the mRNA and protein expression of related genes in the AMPK signaling pathway in skeletal muscle tissue of rat were explored by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western-blotting technology. The results showed that the blood glucose (BG), insulin (INS), adiponectin (ADPN), free fatty acid (FFA), triglyceride (TG), and cholesterol (TC) levels in serum of the test group were higher than the control group (P <0.05); the visceral fat weight and abdominal fat index of the test group were significantly higher than the control group (P <0.01); after the pioglitazone intervention, all blood lipid-related indexes in the rat model were significantly lower than before the intervention (P <0.05); skeletal muscle section staining results showed that the number of lipid droplets in skeletal muscle of rat model was significantly reduced after pioglitazone intervention; and pioglitazone intervention can significantly increase the mRNA and protein expression levels of p-ACC, GLUT7, PGC-1α, and CPT1 genes in the skeletal muscles of experimental rats (P <0.05). Accordingly, it can be concluded that pioglitazone can play a role in treating insulin resistance by regulating the expression of related genes of AMPK, ACC, etc. in the AMPK signaling pathway.
Open access
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