3 years ago

Plasmidome analysis of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolated in Vietnam

Van Thi Thu Ha, An Van Nguyen, Son Thai Nguyen
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) represent a serious threat to public health due to limited management of severe infections and high mortality. The rate of resistance of Enterobacteriaceae isolates to major antimicrobials, including carbapenems, is much higher in Vietnam than in Western countries, but the reasons remain unknown due to the lack of genomic epidemiology research. A previous study suggested that carbapenem resistance genes, such as the carbapenemase gene bla NDM-1 , spread via plasmids among Enterobacteriaceae in Vietnam. In this study, we performed detection and molecular characterization of bla NDM-1 -carrying plasmids in CRE isolated in Vietnam, and identified several possible cases of horizontal transfer of plasmids both within and among species of bacteria. Twenty-five carbapenem-resistant isolates from Enterobacteriaceae clinically isolated in a reference medical institution in Hanoi were sequenced on Illumina short-read sequencers, and 12 isolates harboring bla NDM-1 were sequenced on an Oxford Nanopore Technologies long-read sequencer to obtain complete plasmid sequences. Most of the plasmids co-carried genes conferring resistance to clinically relevant antimicrobials, including third-generation cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, and fluoroquinolones, in addition to bla NDM-1 , leading to multidrug resistance of their bacterial hosts. These results provide insight into the genetic basis of CRE in Vietnam, and could help control nosocomial infections.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.03.18.996710v1

DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.18.996710

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