3 years ago

GAS6-AXL signaling triggers actin remodeling and macropinocytosis that drive cancer cell invasion

Daria Zdżalik-Bielecka, Agata Poświata, Kamila Kozik, Kamil Jastrzębski, Kay Oliver Schink, Marta Brewińska-Olchowik, Katarzyna Piwocka, Harald Stenmark, Marta Miaczynska
AXL, a member of the TAM (TYRO3, AXL, MER) receptor tyrosine kinase family, and its ligand GAS6 are implicated in oncogenesis and metastasis of many cancer types. However, the exact cellular processes activated by GAS6-AXL remain largely unexplored. Here, we identified an interactome of AXL and revealed its associations with proteins regulating actin dynamics. Consistently, GAS6-mediated AXL activation triggered actin remodeling manifested by peripheral membrane ruffling and circular dorsal ruffles (CDRs). This further promoted macropinocytosis that mediated the internalization of GAS6-AXL complexes and sustained survival of glioblastoma cells grown under glutamine-deprived conditions. GAS6-induced CDRs contributed to focal adhesion (FA) turnover, cell spreading and elongation. Consequently, AXL activation by GAS6 drove invasion of cancer cells in a spheroid model. All these processes required the kinase activity of AXL but not TYRO3, and downstream activation of PI3K. We propose that GAS6-AXL signaling induces multiple actin-driven cytoskeletal rearrangements and macropinocytosis that jointly contribute to cancer cell invasion.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.03.15.993147v1

DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.15.993147

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