3 years ago

Follow-up in transthyretin familial amyloid polyneuropathy: Useful investigations

Fabiola Escolano-Lozano, Christian Geber, Ana-Paula Barreiros, Frank Birklein

Patients with transthyretin amyloid polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP) and asymptomatic mutation-carriers have to be regularly followed-up in order to identify disease progression and the time point for starting or modifying therapy. In this case series we describe the potential suitability of different variables as progression markers.

We retrospectively analyzed the follow-up charts of 10 TTR-FAP patients. Clinical examination included the Neuropathy Impairment Score of Lower Limb (NIS-LL), temperature perception thresholds, nerve conduction and autonomic function tests.

The NIS-LL had the greatest value for a sensitive and correct follow-up for all TTR-FAP stages. All other examinations provided useful additional information but they were either less suited for advanced TTR-FAP, or had a higher test-retest variability.

The results of this study provide preliminary evidence that a good clinical investigation is mandatory in TTR-FAP follow-up. Simple neuropathy scores like the NIS-LL might be as useful as technical investigations for TTR-FAP follow-up.

Publisher URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022510X2030112X

DOI: 10.1016/j.jns.2020.116776

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